Author: John Mehaffey
Bio: Originally from Atlanta, I moved to Las Vegas in 2010. I cover Las Vegas gaming at my site @Vegas_Advantage. Have a question about Las Vegas? Feel free to ask.

The new Fallout looks dope. Bunker hill high school. Theres no gold in ft Knox anymore. 1:56 video starts. Deym those Razor products looks sooo Good to have 🤤 I need to save a lot to have those kinds.


Bunker hill los angeles. Bunker gta 5 guide. Bonkers. Bunker hill elementary school. Bunker hermetic door tarkov. Bunker beach water park. Bunker alfa last day on earth. Bunker jonesy. This article is about the military fortification. For other uses, see Bunker (disambiguation). A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people and valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks. Bunkers are mostly underground, in contrast to blockhouses which are mostly above ground. [1] They were used extensively in World War I, World War II, and the Cold War for weapons facilities, command and control centers, and storage facilities. Bunkers can also be used as protection from tornadoes. Trench bunkers are small concrete structures, partly dug into the ground. Many artillery installations, especially for coastal artillery, have historically been protected by extensive bunker systems. Typical industrial bunkers include mining sites, food storage areas, dumps for materials, data storage, and sometimes living quarters. When a house is purpose-built with a bunker, the normal location is a reinforced below-ground bathroom with fibre-reinforced plastic shells. Bunkers deflect the blast wave from nearby explosions to prevent ear and internal injuries to people sheltering in the bunker. Nuclear bunkers must also cope with the underpressure that lasts for several seconds after the shock wave passes, and block radiation. A bunker's door must be at least as strong as the walls. In bunkers inhabited for prolonged periods, large amounts of ventilation or air conditioning must be provided. Bunkers can be destroyed with powerful explosives and bunker-busting warheads. Etymology [ edit] The word bunker originates as a Scots word for "bench, seat" recorded 1758, alongside shortened bunk "sleeping berth". [2] The word possibly has a Scandinavian origin: Old Swedish bunke means "boards used to protect the cargo of a ship". [3] In the 19th century the word came to describe a coal store in a house, or below decks in a ship. It was also used for a sand-filled depression installed on a golf course as a hazard. [4] In the First World War the belligerents built underground shelters, called dugouts in English, while the Germans used the term bunker. [5] [6] By the Second World War the term came to be used by the Germans to describe permanent structures both large: blockhouse, and small: pillbox, and to bombproof shelters both above ground (as in Hochbunker) and below ground (such as the Führerbunker). [7] The military sense of the word was imported into English during World War II, at first in reference to specifically German dug-outs; according to the Oxford English Dictionary, the sense of "military dug-out; a reinforced concrete shelter" is first recorded on 13 October 1939, in "A Nazi field gun hidden in a cemented 'bunker' on the Western front". [8] All the early references to its usage in the Oxford English Dictionary are to German fortifications. However in the Far East the term was also applied to the earth and log positions built by the Japanese, the term appearing in a 1943 instruction manual issued by the British Indian Army and quickly gaining wide currency. [9] By 1947 the word was familiar enough in English that Hugh Trevor-Roper in The Last Days of Hitler was describing Hitler's underground complex near the Reich Chancellery as "Hitler's own bunker" without quotes around the word bunker. [8] Types [ edit] Trench [ edit] This type of bunker is a small concrete structure, partly dug into the ground, which is usually a part of a trench system. Such bunkers give the defending soldiers better protection than the open trench and also include top protection against aerial attack. They also provide shelter against the weather. Some bunkers may have partially open tops to allow weapons to be discharged with the muzzle pointing upwards (e. g. mortars and anti-aircraft weapons). [10] Artillery [ edit] Many artillery installations, especially for coastal artillery, have historically been protected by extensive bunker systems. These usually housed the crews serving the weapons, protected the ammunition against counter-battery fire, and in numerous examples also protected the guns themselves, though this was usually a trade-off reducing their fields of fire. Artillery bunkers are some of the largest individual pre-Cold War bunkers. The walls of the ' Batterie Todt ' gun installation in northern France were up to 3. 5 metres (11 ft) thick, [11] and an underground bunker was constructed for the V-3 cannon. Industrial [ edit] Typical industrial bunkers include mining sites, food storage areas, dumps for materials, data storage, and sometimes living quarters. They were built mainly by nations like Germany during World War II to protect important industries from aerial bombardment. Industrial bunkers are also built for control rooms of dangerous activities, such as tests of rocket engines or explosive experiments. They are also built in order to perform dangerous experiments in them or to store radioactive or explosive goods. Such bunkers also exist on non-military facilities. Personal [ edit] When a house is purpose-built with a bunker, the normal location is a reinforced below-ground bathroom with large cabinets. [ citation needed] One common design approach uses fibre-reinforced plastic shells. Compressive protection may be provided by inexpensive earth arching. [ citation needed] The overburden is designed to shield from radiation. [ citation needed] To prevent the shelter from floating to the surface in high groundwater, some designs have a skirt held-down with the overburden. [12] It may also serve the purpose of a safe room. [ citation needed] Munitions storage [ edit] Munitions storage bunkers are designed to securely store explosive ordnance, and contain any internal explosions. The most common configuration for high explosives storage is the igloo shaped bunker. [ citation needed] They are often built into a hillside in order to provide additional containment mass. A specialized version of the munitions bunker called a Gravel Gertie is designed to contain radioactive debris from an explosive accident while assembling or disassembling nuclear warheads. They are installed at all facilities in the United States and United Kingdom which do warhead assembly and disassembly, the largest being the Pantex plant in Amarillo, Texas, which has 12 Gravel Gerties. [ citation needed] Design [ edit] Object 17/5001 Prenden Germany Beach bunker with improvised art in Blåvand, Denmark German single person bunker for reconnaissance personnel in the field Munitions bunker at Possum Park, Queensland, Australia. Blast protection [ edit] Bunkers deflect the blast wave from nearby explosions to prevent ear and internal injuries to people sheltering in the bunker. While frame buildings collapse from as little as 3 psi (0. 2 bar) of overpressure, bunkers are regularly constructed to survive several hundred psi (over 10 bar). This substantially decreases the likelihood that a bomb (other than a bunker buster) can harm the structure. The basic plan is to provide a structure that is very strong in physical compression. The most common purpose-built structure is a buried, steel reinforced concrete vault or arch. Most expedient blast shelters are civil engineering structures that contain large buried tubes or pipes such as sewage or rapid transit tunnels. Improvised purpose-built blast shelters normally use earthen arches or vaults. To form these, a narrow, 1-2 meter, flexible tent of thin wood is placed in a deep trench, and then covered with cloth or plastic, and then covered with 1–2 meters of tamped earth. A large ground shock can move the walls of a bunker several centimeters in a few milliseconds. Bunkers designed for large ground shocks must have sprung internal buildings to protect inhabitants from the walls and floors. [13] Nuclear protection [ edit] Nuclear bunkers must also cope with the underpressure that lasts for several seconds after the shock wave passes, and block radiation. Usually these features are easy to provide. The overburden ( soil) and structure provide substantial radiation shielding, and the negative pressure is usually only 1/3 of the overpressure. General features [ edit] A bunker on the island of Texel, in the Netherlands. The doors must be at least as strong as the walls. The usual design is now starting to incorporate vault doors. To reduce the weight, the door is normally constructed of steel, with a fitted steel lintel and frame. Very thick wood also serves, and is more resistant to heat because it chars rather than melts. [ citation needed] If the door is on the surface and will be exposed to the blast wave, the edge of the door is normally counter-sunk in the frame so that the blast wave or a reflection cannot lift the edge. A bunker should have two doors. Door shafts may double as ventilation shafts to reduce digging. In bunkers inhabited for prolonged periods, large amounts of ventilation or air conditioning must be provided in order to prevent ill effects of heat. In bunkers designed for war-time use, manually operated ventilators must be provided because supplies of electricity or gas are unreliable. One of the most efficient manual ventilator designs is the Kearny Air Pump. Ventilation openings in a bunker must be protected by blast valves. A blast valve is closed by a shock wave, but otherwise remains open. One form of expedient blast valve is worn flat rubber tire treads nailed or bolted to frames strong enough to resist the maximum overpressure. [14] Countermeasures [ edit] Bunkers can be destroyed with powerful explosives and bunkerbusting warheads. The crew of a pillbox can be killed with flamethrowers. [15] Complex, well-built and well-protected fortifications are often vulnerable to attacks on access points. If the exits to the surface can be closed off, those manning the facility can be trapped. The fortification can then be bypassed. Famous installations [ edit] Famous bunkers include the post-World War I Maginot Line on the French eastern border and Czechoslovak border fortifications mainly on the northern Czech border facing Germany (but to lesser extent all around), Fort Eben-Emael in Belgium, Alpine Wall on the north of Italy, World War II Führerbunker and in Italy, industrial Marnate's Bunker, the V-weapon installations in Germany ( Mittelwerk) & France ( La Coupole, and the Blockhaus d'Éperlecques) and the Cold War installations in the United States ( Cheyenne Mountain Complex, Site R, and The Greenbrier), United Kingdom ( Burlington), Sweden ( Boden Fortress) and Canada ( Diefenbunker). In Switzerland, there is an unusually large number of bunkers because of a law requiring protective shelters to be constructed for all new buildings since 1963, as well as a number of bunkers built as part of its National Redoubt military defense plan. Some of Switzerland's bunkers have since become tourist attractions housing hotels and museums such as Sasso San Gottardo Museum. [16] The Soviet Union maintained huge bunkers (one of the secondary uses of the very deeply dug Moscow Metro and Kyiv metro systems was as nuclear shelters). A number of facilities were constructed in China, such as Beijing 's Underground City and Underground Project 131 in Hubei; in Albania, Enver Hoxha dotted the country with hundreds of thousands of bunkers. See also [ edit] Air-raid shelter Fallout shelter Pillbox (military) Regelbau Continuity of government Notes [ edit] ^ For the difference between bunkers and blockhouses see Schneider & Kitchen 2002, p. 87, BACM Research 2009, p. 263, Davis 2007, p. 290 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016. CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) Online Etymology Dictionary ^ Fascinating Facts From the World of Golf ^ Bunker at Oxford English Dictionary; retrieved 9 August 2018 ^ Harry Horstmann, Der Soldat: In Sprache und Tradition (2010), p. 153. ^ "Archived copy". CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) Das Wortauskunftssystem zur deutschen Sprache in Geschichte und Gegenwart ^ "The German term Bunker was used to denote a type of shelter which was of permanent construction. It can be distinguished from the improvised type built in cellars or by reinforcing ordinary buildings. Bunkers were of two types: underground and tower" ( Morale Division (1945). The effect of bombing on health and medical care in Germany. Reports: European war, United States Strategic Bombing Survey. 65 (2 ed. ). United States War Department. p. 189 (footnote "*"). ) ^ a b War Pictorial, cited after "bunker, n. 1. c". Oxford English Dictionary (Second ed. Oxford University Press. December 2011 [1989]. (subscription required) ^ Tim Moreman The Jungle, Japanese and the British Commonwealth Armies at War 1941-45 p98 (2013) Routledge ISBN   9781135764555 ^ An archival look at World War I Archived 19 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine from the Queen's University Archives, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Accessed 2008-02-10 ^ "Accueil". Muse du Mur de l'Atlantique d'Audinghen website. Archived from the original on 10 January 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2008. ^ Kearny, Cresson H (1987). Nuclear War Survival Skills. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. ISBN   0-942487-01-X. Retrieved 19 June 2008. NOTE: Kearny recommends stockpiling materials for a blast or fallout shelter and constructing it only if war appears very likely. ^ "Bunker Thoughts".. 25 January 2014. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2018. ^ "App. D: Expedient Blast Shelters". Arnold Jagt. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2010. ^ Flame Thrower Archived 17 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine ^ Nalewicki, Jennifer (23 March 2016). "Switzerland's Historic Bunkers Get a New Lease on Life". The Smithsonian. Retrieved 4 April 2016. References [ edit] BACM Research (2009), Vietnam War After Action Reports, BACM Research, p.  263 Davis, Tracy C. (2007), Stages of emergency: Cold War nuclear civil defense (illustrated ed. ), Duke University Press, p.  290, ISBN   978-0-8223-3970-0 Schneider, Richard Harold; Kitchen, Ted (2002), Planning for crime prevention: a transatlantic perspective, RTPI library series, 3 (illustrated ed. ), Routledge, p.  87, ISBN   978-0-415-24136-6 External links [ edit] Look up bunker in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bunker. 1. : Australian Bunker And Military Museum 2. BunkerBlog: All about German fortifications 1933-1945 3. : About bunkers built by the Germans during 1933-1945 in the whole of Europe 4. German bunkers in Poland: Fortified Front Odra-Warta rivers, Boryszyn Loop

One thing I always wonder if your in there and someone tried to get you out cant they just plug up the air intake. Bunker hill illinois. Love the vocals! What a piece. An you just like email me a list of everything you used.


Bunker hill community college boston. That was Coolest Place Guys. I would love to stay there. Tks. Level 1 Nice, I saw a level 12 robbing a store, planning to get away in some shitbox car he'd got off the street, so i parked my oppressor mk2 next to the exit, and stood there doing dancing actions. He got on it and zoomed off and spent the next 20 mins flying around the map. I assume that means he liked it. I just used my buzzard/hydra to get around while he used my bike. level 2 I love doing that sort of thing. I was cruising from Sandy Shores out to the west coast along 68, saw a low level holding up that store on the way so I decided to leave them the Apocalypse Scarab. I must have stood there pointing at him then the Scarab then giving a thumbs up for like 30 seconds before he got the idea and roared off before the cops arrived. level 2 Nice, I saw a level 12 robbing a store, planning to get away in some shitbox car he'd got off the street, so i parked my oppressor mk2 next to the exit, and stood there doing dancing actions. He got on it and zoomed off It's like the Emperor causing Anakin to fall to the dark side, DAMN YOU!!!! level 2 Friendly Neighborhood Grinder 27 points · 26 days ago · edited 26 days ago I did almost the same recently except I used the pyro to fly him to different shops, unfortunately due to a language barrier I couldn't invite him to my org so that we could have made him good money with VIP missions but he seemed to have fun. It's sad that most low levels are used to high levels being assholes so I usually get shot when I offer a ride. level 2 You've corrupted the poor lad. Even if he's actually a humble, polite gentleman in his 20s, he will now regress to the maturity of a 12 year old, gain a terrible potty mouth, and a penchant for trolling. level 2 That's what prompted me to buy my first one level 2 when ive done Dispatch missions with low level players I usually just let them take the car. Without fail shortly after telling them X to fly there's a "this is fucking awesome! " level 2 Whenever I try this they use it for evil level 2 This is what I like to do sometimes. I just go passive in a chopper and spawn my Khanjali near a low level and watch him have fun with it level 1 How all low levels should be when they need money level 2 [PC] False ban. I use a cheated account now. Oh the irony. 25 points · 26 days ago Yeah it's depressing to see people spamming chat with "money please" "drop money" "money me" level 2 I offer to help whenever I'm low on money for a nice decent heist or vip work level 1 People like these two are why griefers and tryhards haven't taken over sessions entirely level 1 Maybe one day I'll actually get to complete a heist. level 2 What platform are you on? level 2 I finished the casino heist 2 days ago and it is the first heist I actually complete (with preps and all), no other heist (doomsday, etc) have I even started. Super fun heist but I'm bummed a friend told me to buy the escape copter etc and then he told me to follow him so we escaped on foot:| level 2 I know Fleeca doesn't count, but you've at least done that one right? At least for the armored kuruma discount? I've done it twice (m&f characters) but that's it. I did the setups/prep for the casino heist, but didn't have time before Thursday to complete the actual heist. It's tough out there. I don't trust randoms (am horrible at heists myself), don't have a good mic, and don't have enough friends that play to make the heists fun. level 2 That’s me on PS4:/ have nightclub, bunker, all kinds of cool stuff. 0 heists completed.

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Bunker business gta 5. I love your videos. Burkert. I'm new hear what is trixie mean or whatever? Thanx. If we ever have a purge you know where to go. Bunker hill insurance. I Think it Would Be AWESOME EXPERIENCE ONE IM WILLING TO TRY. Bunker hills golf course. Bunker gear. Absolute banger, my god. Bunker beach. Bankers. Bunker alfa code. Bunkerville nevada. Bunker hill. Bunker militaria. Bunkers del carmel. Bunker branding. Bunker buster bomb.

Bunker hill golf course. Bunker prague. Worried about a global plague that he'll initiate. Bunker series. Bunker fuel. Bunker hill wv. The best part? Those accommodations... i love it. Bunker culture shock. Quick question; why do Danes use folding rulers instead of retractable tape measures? A little over a year ago I was in Frederikshavn while my ship was refitting at the Orskov shipyard and I noticed that nearly all of the Danish guys working there had a folding ruler in their pocket. I never thought to ask them why, but I did find a couple of folding rulers in the engine room after we left Denmark and I tried using them but they just don't seem as quick, easy or accurate as a tape measure. Cool setup BTW. I didn't know Bahco made multi tools, but I carry two Bahco adjustable wrenches everyday at work, and a Bahco Laplander folding saw when I'm in the woods. Quality gear.

Bunker factory praha.
I wish they would send me the keyboard and a mouse cuz I need new ones my keyboard and mouse are both breaking 🥺.
Wow yes Matthew would of been in his element here Dan. shame he wasn't on this trip with you guys. great video guys. and you say Andrew panics haha. Its what we say in West Yorkshire too. Put big light on! lol. Omg what had he booked those digs are odd and unsafe.
Bunkers restaurant.

2020 anyone. Roof bunker added max 0-4 rockets over armored door before building 3. 0, depending where enemy attacked. A few extra rockets for a lot less chest space was not that profitable. Now it's like 12. Basically for free. The only real benefit was you could have 4 walls, ceiling, AND a slanted roof in each 1x1 loot area to defend against brute force outside to core rocket attacks. Wall stacks. Up to 2017 the walls also had invisible barriers come and go. The space between roofs used to be really glitchy. They fixed that recently so you couldn't see in and shoot out but not enter. Now that you can go in and out 100% and building 3. 0 made walls strong, they are the single strongest raid defense in the game (better than turrets and etc), cost almost nothing, while never having been intentionally buffed or talked about by dev team.

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